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Standardized Residuals

 

Used to determine what categories (cells) were major contributors to rejecting the null hypothesis. When the absolute value of the residual (R) is greater than 2.00, the researcher can conclude it was a major influence on a significant chi-square test statistic.

Example using the observed and expected frequencies in the previous example:

 

 

R

 

Absolute R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Female

Male

 

Female

Male

Spend More

-1.300

1.364

 

1.300

1.364

Spend Same

-1.692

1.774

 

1.692

1.774

Spend Less

2.354

-2.469



2.354

2.469

Interpretation

  Attitudes toward spending less for both females and males had a major contribution to the chi-square result.


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